The Dolomites history and tradition of one of the most beautiful mountain groups in Italy

With an area of 15,942 km² which includes the regions of Veneto, Friuli Venezia-Giulia and Trentino-Alto-Adige, the mountain range of the Dolomites is one of the largest and most beautiful in Italy.

17/06/2022 | 11:34

The Dolomites: history and tradition of one of the most beautiful mountain groups in Italy

With an area of 15,942 km² which includes the regions of Veneto, Friuli Venezia-Giulia and Trentino-Alto-Adige, the mountain range of the Dolomites is one of the largest and most beautiful in Italy.

In the composition of the rocks there is an abnormal quantity of dolomite, a mineral that gives them a pale color capable of making them fascinating and mysterious.

Thanks to the physical and chemical properties of the rocks it is also possible to witness the phenomenon of enrosadira which occurs both at dusk and at dawn. When the peaks of the Dolomites are hit by the lights of dawn or sunset, they turn red, creating a unique spectacle.

On June 26, 2009, the Dolomites were officially included among the natural heritage sites of humanity for their geological and landscape peculiarities that are unique all over the world.

From a geological point of view, it is the particular composition of these mountains that makes them so special, as Déodat de Dolomieu points out in his studies .

From a landscape point of view instead, just look at them to understand that they have unique characteristics and not present in other mountain groups including: steep walls, glaciers, spiers, towers and pinnacles.

The most famous territories and localities

The westernmost appendix of the mountain range is the Brenta group, here is one of the capitals of mountain tourism: Madonna di Campiglio. Officially, the Dolomites originate east of Trento, where the area between the Cismon valley and the Fiemme and Fassa valleys is located. Here we meet San Martino di Castrozza, Predazzo, Cavalese, and finally the villages of Moena and Canazei, surrounded by the peaks of the Sella, Sassolungo and Marmolada mountains.

In the northern part, in the province of Bolzano, Val Gardena, bordered to the north by the Alpe di Siusi, offers fascinating natural spectacles between the prestigious Ortisei and the elegant Santa Cristina and Selva. Here is the Saslong , one of the most famous ski slopes in the world.

Beyond the Sella Pass, the Val Badia extends with the characteristic San Cassiano, La Villa and Corvara, real jewels of the Ladin community. Across the Falzarego pass, you look out over Arabba, on the border between Veneto and Alto Adige.

The Isarco valley, embellished by Bressanone, and the Pusteria valley with Brunico and San Candido extend at the foot of the Plan de Corones.

Between Alto Adige and Veneto the Tre Cime di Lavaredo stand out, which together with Monte Cristallo dominate from above the “Pearl of the Dolomites”, Cortina d'Ampezzo with the nearby valleys of Comelico and Cadore.

Located in the heart of the Venetian Dolomites in a wide valley surrounded by high peaks, Cortina is one of the most famous mountain resorts in the world. Home of the 1956 Winter Olympics and a ski resort par excellence, a symbol of Italian and international social life, the pearl of the Dolomites has always been a destination of excellence for those who love the mountains and their landscapes, sport and fun.

At the foot of the Belluno Dolomites National Park, which extends as far as Feltre, the imposing Marmolada, Mount Civetta and the Pale di San Martino stand out, with the nearby center of Agordo, a destination for international mountaineering.

At the north-eastern edge of the Dolomites, between the provinces of Udine and Pordenone, is the suggestive Regional Park of the Friulian Dolomites. Among the Trentino and South Tyrolean carousels that develop between Val di Fassa, Val Gardena and Val Badia, through the Dolomiti Superski, the largest ski area in the world, you can reach the most famous and equipped resorts of the Dolomites, up to the fascinating and wild areas of the Friulian Dolomites, such as Valcellina, Valle del Tagliamento, Val Colvera and Val Tramontina, ideal for nature excursions and trekking.

Val di Zoldo and the circular hiking trail

Known by many as the breath of the Dolomites, it is one of the most beautiful valleys in the whole mountain range. Suspended halfway between two giants, Mount Civetta and Mount Pelmo, it is certainly an evocative place capable of keeping intact the charm of wild nature and the taste of local traditions.

Among the main attractions and the characteristic places of the valley we find:

-      Forno di Zoldo: from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century it was an important metallurgical center in the Venetian orbit, specialized in the extraction of iron, lead, zinc and in the steel industry;

-      Fornesighe: a medieval village made up of ancient wooden tabià , barns and stables;

-      Tabià di Brusadaz: old wooden barns used by peasants of the past, properly restored;

-      Mountain Punta: one of the highest peaks in the area, reachable from Coi in about two hours of ascent;

-      Pecol: a small town connected to the Mount Civetta area, as well as one of the most popular ski destinations for enthusiasts;

-      Maé Falls: spectacular natural springs located just outside Pecol, within walking distance;

-      Mareson fraction of Pecol: small fraction of Pecol, characterized by wooden houses, church and onion-shaped bell tower;

-      Footsteps of the Dinosaurs: close to the Venezia refuge, dating back to the Paleolithic;

-      Mountain Crot: reachable from Passo Staulanza with a guided excursion;

-      Coldai's lake: natural lake at the foot of Mount Civetta;


If we have intrigued you and you are impatient to visit these places you can click on the link below and discover our offer!

>>Dolomiti Trekking Experience<<

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